SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology) is a monitoring system included in all computer hard drives and solid state drives.
Usage[edit | edit source]
On Linux, install the
smartmon-tools package. Use the
Show Disk Information[edit | edit source]
To show all capabilities, monitored attributes, errors, etc. of a particular disk, run:
# smartctl -a /dev/sda
Run Self-Test[edit | edit source]
short option to begin a self-test on the device. To abort a test, use the
Troubleshooting[edit | edit source]
USB Support[edit | edit source]
When working with hard drives connected via USB, you need to disable USB Attached SCSI (UAS). Otherwise,
smartctl will report:
# smartctl -a /dev/sdb smartctl 7.1 2019-12-30 r5022 [x86_64-linux-5.6.14-300.fc32.x86_64] (local build) Copyright (C) 2002-19, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org Read Device Identity failed: scsi error unsupported field in scsi command
To disable UAS for a specific USB device, find the USB device associated with the drive. Check
dmesg or run
lsusb. Unload the
usb-storage kernel module and re-load it with a quirk parameter specifying which device to not enable UAS on.
# lsusb Bus 002 Device 005: ID 0bc2:3343 Seagate RSS LLC # rmmod usb-storage # modprobe usb-storage quirks=0bc2:3343:u
Re-attach the USB device again. This time,
dmesg should say that a quirk was detected for this device:
[947347.271519] usb 2-3.2: New USB device found, idVendor=0bc2, idProduct=3343, bcdDevice= 1.00 [947955.635329] usb-storage 2-3.2:1.0: Quirks match for vid 0bc2 pid 3343: 800000
smartctl. It should be able to see the SMART parameters. For some devices, you may need to also pass in a -d option. Check the supported devices page. https://www.smartmontools.org/wiki/Supported_USB-Devices for more information.
To make this kernel module option persistent, create a file in
options usb-storage quirks=VendorId:ProductId:u.
Attributes[edit | edit source]
Some attributes of note.
- Disks automatically remap bad sectors to a pool of reserved sectors. This attribute is the number of sectors that have been reallocated.
- The number of sectors that the disk had issues reading. The sector will be reallocated when either: 1. the sector can be read properly or 2. the sector is written over.