Blockparser is a utility that can read through the bitcoin block chain. Its project site can be found on github at https://github.com/znort987/blockparser
Along with the base development tools including a c++ compiler, ensure you have the following dependencies:
# boost-devel sparsehash-devel
The source should be compile without any issues.
Blockparser will eat a lot of memory. It'll also use a lot of IO.
Fetch All Addresses Ever
To get all addresses and their balance ever used, use:
# ./parser allBalances > all.txt
To limit this to only addresses with a minimum amount, use:
# ./parser allBalances -w 10 > 10btcOrMore.txt